Dried shiitake is very tasty and can be stored for a long time in tightly closed containers. At the same time, they fully retain all their qualities and useful properties. Shiitake can be dried both at work and at home using a simple oven.
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Dry shiitake mushroom benefits
Shiitake in dried form bring great benefits to the body and can become simply an invaluable product. This result is achieved due to the rich composition of the product.
100 g of dried shiitake contains:
- carbohydrates – 75.37 g;
- fats – 0.99 g;
- proteins – 9.58 g;
- sugar – 2.21 g;
- dietary fiber – 11.5 g.
dried shiitake mushroom calories 100g?
Calorie content of 100 g of dried product 296 calories .
At the same time, this type of mushroom also has healing properties, since it contains various minerals (magnesium, manganese, iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, and zinc), as well as vitamins B1, C, and D.
Shiitake can be taken as a dietary supplement – the daily norm is 5 g of the dried product. The maximum dosage should not exceed 20 g per day.
If dried shiitake is consumed on a regular basis, the following results can be achieved:
- toxins, toxins and other harmful substances accumulated over a long time are removed from the body;
- erection improves in men and sexual desire increases;
- immunity increases;
- cholesterol is actively broken down, as well as excess glucose contained in the blood;
- there is a stimulating effect on the process of insulin production;
- minimizes the risk of cancer cells;
- reduces the likelihood of developing various diseases of the vessels and heart.
Look How To Dry Mushrooms at Home for any variety of mushrooms.
how to dry shiitake mushrooms
The procedure for drying shiitake can be carried out in several different ways – at work or at home. The process is very simple and you can easily do it yourself. The main thing is to properly prepare the mushrooms for the upcoming drying.
Shiitake should not be washed. Before drying, they are only wiped with a dry cloth.
prepare dried shiitake mushrooms at production scale
All over the world, manufacturers adhere to approximately the same technology for the production of dried shiitake mushrooms. The fresh product is laid out on the surface of special baking sheets, which are sent to drying cabinets.
Using this method, it is possible to preserve all the useful qualities in shiitake and achieve uniform drying.
It is very important during the drying process to strictly adhere to a certain temperature regime:
- first, the temperature is set to +50 ˚С – this stage lasts several hours;
- the temperature rises to +75 ˚С – at this stage, the mushrooms are brought to an almost ideal state.
Subject to all the subtleties of the procedure, dried mushrooms are light and break well. For this, only high-quality and fresh products are used. An inspection is carried out – there should be no wormholes or other types of damage on the surface of the mushrooms. Quality shiitake should not crumble or be wet.
Large producers from Russia, the USA, Europe, China and Japan dry shiitake on an industrial scale.
How to dry shiitake mushrooms at home?
The simplest option for self-drying mushrooms is to use an electric dryer, but such a device is expensive, and not every housewife has it. There are other options for drying shiitake:
- in the oven;
- in the sun (outdoors);
- in the oven.
The most difficult option is drying in the sun, as there are too many restrictions. The procedure can be carried out only on a hot and sunny day. Protect the product from insects, dust, and possible precipitation.
The easiest option is to use the oven to dry shiitake mushrooms. The drying procedure itself is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Sort through the shiitake, remove all damaged specimens, as they do not fit.
- Clean the product of contamination using a clean cloth.
- Slightly trim or completely remove the legs.
- If the mushrooms are large, cut in half first.
- Transfer the prepared product to a wire rack. If you don’t have a wire rack, line a baking sheet with parchment paper and turn the mushrooms constantly. This will help to achieve uniform drying on all sides.
- Place the mushrooms so that they do not come into contact with each other.
- Preheat the oven to +45 ˚С and leave the mushrooms for 60 minutes.
- Then increase the temperature to +75 ˚С and continue drying for another 45 minutes. The exact time of the procedure directly depends on the size of the shiitake.
- When the mushrooms become light and will break when bent, then the product is completely ready.
Hats dry much faster than legs.
Dried mushrooms quickly absorb various odors and moisture, so they must be stored in a room with low humidity and away from substances with a sharp and strong aroma.
Can you eat dried shiitake mushrooms?
Do not eat dried shiitake. The only mushroom extract can be eaten, but it is prepared exclusively under industrial conditions and a complex procedure for cleansing from contaminants is preliminarily carried out. If you make the extract yourself at home, it turns out to be less useful.
We have prepared a complete guide on How to Clean and Store Mushrooms for use.
How do you clean dried shiitake mushrooms?
Before use, dried mushrooms are pre-soaked in water. This procedure will help to remove impurities and saturate the shiitake with the right amount of moisture. It also brings out the rich taste of the product.
Further, shiitake are subjected to heat treatment this is an obligatory step. Mushrooms can be fried or boiled. After that, they are eaten.
A variety of dishes are prepared from shiitake in China from fragrant soups to healing tea.
how to store dried shiitake mushrooms?
Dried mushrooms are a very useful product. Shiitake can be stored for a long time in a hermetically sealed container, using it to prepare medicinal extracts or delicious and nutritious dishes.